The Vedas are the Oldest scriptures of India and one of the oldest extant texts in the Indo-European languages. Among those the Samaveda, is the Veda of melodies and chants the earliest parts of which are believed to date from as early as the Rigvedic period, the existing compilation dates from the post-Rigvedic Mantra period of Vedic Sanskrit, c. 1200 or 1000 BCE.
It is the shortest among the Vedas and is a liturgical text which consists of 1,549 verses in which all but 75 have been taken from the Rigveda.
The Samaveda comprises two major parts. The first part include four melody collections and the second part three verse “books,” and just like Rigveda, the early sections of Samaveda typically begin with Agni and Indra hymns but shift to abstract speculations and philosophy, and their meters too shifts in a descending order.
The text contains notated melodies, and these are probably the world’s oldest surviving ones. The musical notation is written usually immediately above, sometimes within, the line of Samaveda text, either in syllabic or a numerical form depending on the Samavedic school. Interestingly, The samhita is not meant to be read as a text, it is like a musical score sheet that must be heard.
The Veda shows two primary Upanishads of Hinduism are embedded inside the Samaveda – the Chandogya Upanishad and the Kena Upanishad. Both are notable for the lifting metric melodic structure and the Indian classical music and dance, is rooted in the sonic and musical dimensions of the Sama Veda.
The Samaveda, in addition to singing and chanting, also mentions instruments. The rules and suggestions for playing various instruments form a separate compilation, called the Gandharva-Veda, and this Upaveda is attached to the Samaveda. The structure and theory of chants in the Samaveda have inspired the organizing principle for Indian classical arts and performances, and this root has been widely acknowledged by musicologists dealing with the history of Indian music.
“Laziness erodes a person of his enthusiasm and energy. As a result the person loses all opportunities and finally becomes dejected and frustrated. The worst thing is that he stops believing in himself.”
“The light of knowledge is fully capable of destroying the darkness of ignorance. This also help us in overcoming all the difficulties and in achieving success in all our endeavours.”
“We should take inspiration from the sun and work constantly for the benefit of mankind, so that peace and prosperity prevails everywhere.”
“A real ‘karma-yogi’, who first acquires knowledge and then works for the welfare of people, quite naturally becomes popular and famous. There is no enemy of such a man but even if there are, he is able to vanquish them. His popularity in the society increases on account of his successes and good deeds.”
“Pride of wealth destroys wealth, pride of strength destroys strength and in the same manner pride of knowledge destroys knowledge.”
“Life has been compared with a battle and rightly so, as each day comes up with a new set of challenges which we must meet. One can just not shy away from the problems if he has to survive. He has to meet to challenges with courage”
“Life devoid of struggles is a life bereft of happiness because the value of happiness is realized only after pain.”
“Only those, who work hard can think of achieving something. Sitting idle or hoping for results without making any effort is nothing but foolishness.”
“Great people give inspiration by their deeds. They lead by examples. Common people always emulate them.”
“Knowledge removes the darkness of ignorance and thus helps even the most ignorant man to become knowledgeable.”
“Just as an arrow once released from the bow can not return, in the same manner painful and harsh words can not be taken back.”
“We should guard ourselves against pride because pride leads to downfall.”
“We should always refrain from speaking harsh words that inflict pain. Our speech should be such that it gives joy to others.”
“As the saying goes that a man is known by the company he keeps. Good company can make a man whereas bad company can ruin him.”
“Anybody desirous of success should spend some time in introspection and contemplation.”
“A raindrop coming in contact with fire looses it’s existence while that falling on a shell becomes a ‘pearl.'”
“As are your thoughts so will be your actions. One should therefore refrain from listening to anything that is bad and negative lest his mind should not gets polluted.”
“A man will never attain satisfaction, despite all his riches until and unless he is spiritually sound.”
“A man, who realizes the potential of his mind by means of introspection and contemplation, he does not lack self-confidence. He has control over his mind and he is able to realize it’s full potential.”
“A man, who is constantly engaged in action and works hard until he has achieved his goal undergoes lots of metamorphosis and positive change which helps in his self improvement.”
“The mettle of a man is tested in adversities and he, who remains firm in his beliefs comes out shining.”
“If one is determined and honest and also willing to give his best efforts then attaining liberation is not impossible.”
“A king, who adheres to the path of righteousness and truth, naturally becomes famous and immortal.People have high regards for a ruler who is truthful, just and kind. Peace and prosperity prevails in his kingdom.”
“Destroy ‘people of hatred’ with the help of knowledge.”
“One, who maintains cleanliness keeps away diseases.”
“People of double standards never experience happiness.”
“Nothing can be achieved without enduring the ‘fire of tapa.’”
“Deities never favour the lazy and indolent. Deities bless the diligent.”
“You fight a battle everyday.”
“Fire enkindles fire”
“There are 10 characteristics of ‘Dharma’ – (1) Stability of mind, (2) forgiveness, (3) benevolence, (4) abstinence, (5) purity, (6) Control of senses, (7) intellect, (8) knowledge, (9) truth , (10) abstinence from anger.”
“Thou are great just like all-capable deities.”
“People, who rise above their petty individual selfishness and work for the welfare of society are considered patriots.”